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Ukraine is currently embroiled in a tense battle with Russia to preserve its economic and political independence. But today’s conflict is only the latest in a long history of battles over Ukraine’s existence as a sovereign nation. As award-winning historian Serhii Plokhy argues in The Gates of Europe, we must examine Ukraine’s past in order to understand its fraught presenUkraine is currently embroiled in a tense battle with Russia to preserve its economic and political independence. But today’s conflict is only the latest in a long history of battles over Ukraine’s existence as a sovereign nation. As award-winning historian Serhii Plokhy argues in The Gates of Europe, we must examine Ukraine’s past in order to understand its fraught present and likely future.Situated between Europe, Russia, and the Asian East, Ukraine was shaped by the empires that have used it as a strategic gateway between East and West—from the Romans and Ottomans to the Third Reich and the Soviet Union, all have engaged in global fights for supremacy on Ukrainian soil. Each invading army left a lasting mark on the landscape and on the population, making modern Ukraine an amalgam of competing cultures....

Title : The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine
Author :
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ISBN : 9780465050918
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 352 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine Reviews

  • Hadrian
    2019-04-22 08:02

    A long view of the history of Ukraine, starting with the Greek colonies around the Euxinos Pontos (we now call it the Black Sea) and continuing all the way to the first stages of the Euromaidan protests.Plokhy emphasizes the shifting and porous borders of what is now Ukraine - religious institutions, military conquest, and languages chief among them. But he discerns some long-enduring strands of history, language, and societal organization which persist despite long periods of rule by outsiders. All of this is apparently an extended rebuke to Putin's boast that Ukraine is 'not a real country'. Plokhy is right in suggesting that the current battles over Ukraine suggest a larger contest between constitutionalism and the rule of law versus Putin-style autocracy. Of course, for the former to succeed, the old Soviet-style oligarchs must be cut out, root and stem. As such, the stakes over Ukraine are high, and unfortunately the Ukrainian people are not the only masters of their own destiny. Such as it was before.

  • Carlos
    2019-04-23 13:44

    This book was a challenge for me , I have wanted to learn more about Ukraine since I heard about the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014, I finally got the chance to do it . Ukrainian history is full of invasions, violence and empires , from the Austrian , polish , German and soviets . It has been defined by multiethnic cultures and by a conglomeration of citizens that shared a language but not a culture , it has managed to survived the oppression of its language both written and spoken by the Soviet Union ever since WW 2, in this book you will find that for good or bad Ukrainian history is linked to Russian history, as Ukraine has fought for its sovereignty it has clashed with Russia many times before , therefore a knowledge of Russian history is needed to enjoy this book better , but not necessary since the author does a good job of introducing all of these concepts step by step in a very detailed manner, I recommend this book to anyone who tries to understand current relations between Russian and the rest of the world as Ukraine is the ground where it has been tested for the first time.

  • Andrew
    2019-04-12 11:09

    The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine, was a tough read for me. To preface, my family is of Ukrainian heritage, and I am always interested in learning about Ukrainian culture and history. Serhii Plokhy has not itched that scratch for me. The Gates of Europe is a short book for something so ambitious, and it really begins to show as one reads. Massive details that would have been fascinating to read in depth are glossed over. The book is just too ambitious for its own good. Entire centuries are covered in a few pages. Only a chapter or two is dedicated to the fascinating time-period of Greek and Roman colonization of the Crimea. Tartar and Steppe tribes are relegated to foreign "others" and ignored, only being mentioned as untrustworthy allies of the valiant Cossack Tribes in their struggle against foreign aggression from Poland, the Ottomans, and Muscovy. The Cossack's received much more coverage than most of the rest of history, with another large chunk dedicated to more modern (and politically questionable) material. Plokhy had an axe to grind with this book, and he did it. It was a timely release due to the Russian backed war in Eastern Ukraine that began to gather steam in 2013. It is also politically charged, with Plokhy pulling no punches in his discourse on Ukrainian and Russian conflict and interdependence throughout history.He goes to great length, as well, to talk about the cultural differences that developed between the Rus of Kiev and the Rus in Muscovy, and the religious and cultural changes that occurred under the tutelage of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The desire for independence throughout history did not always exist, but Ukraine developed its own national identity throughout history due to its connections to other European states, and its closeness to the Turkic and Tartar tribes that inhibited the Crimean region. These were the more interesting parts of the book. Even so, there is little that I can say to recommend this book to anyone. It is far too politically charged to be a serious history book. The edition I read had literally zero sources. There are hundreds of statements in this book that are questionable and biased, and I would love to see the sources to allay my suspicions. Huge portions of fascinating historical periods are glossed over to play off the Ukrainian-Russian rivalry that will sell copies of this book. It is difficult for me to say anything more, as I enjoyed this book so little. I urge any readers to only pick this up if they are inclined to do so for political reasons. There are many facts that will be interesting to those who interested in historical background to current events. However, as a serious history book, and one written by the chair of Ukrainian history at Harvard University no less, this is a poor excuse.

  • Anvar
    2019-04-22 14:11

    Одна з найкращих книг. І цікава, і динамічна, й інформативна, збалансована. Тепер хоч маю цілісне уявлення про історію України та Східної Європи.

  • Liviu
    2019-04-03 07:56

    overall interesting but somewhat unbalanced (there are some periods treated in more detail and some almost skipped) and the narrative is not as smooth in other similar books; some stuff I was only marginally aware of (and sometimes not at all), and a reasonable introduction to a topical subject

  • Laurie
    2019-04-13 10:02

    Very thorough, engagingly written history of the development of Ukraine as a people, a nation and a country.

  • Marks54
    2019-03-30 09:46

    I moved this book up on my queue when I read a recent review in the Economist. I generally enjoyed the book but also note it limitations. The book presents a history of the Ukraine from its beginnings in classical times up to the present conflicts since 2014. I have to admit that I learned something from this book and that I must reevaluate how I look at Ukraine and Russia and all the dynamics that have developed since Communism went out of business.Professor Plokhy has shown the complex history of the Ukraine, a history that involves geography, language, religion, politics, culture, national identity, economics, and war. If anything, this is about as complex a national story as one will ever find, more complicated than Irish history (although that may be a distinction without a difference) and one that certainly fits into to Russian and Eastern European history. It is a broad history and Plokhy has much to say. The depth of this history, however, makes one wonder about what has been left out to tell the story. Every chapter could easily be expanded. Recognizing the linguistic and cultural domains being explored here, there are few scholars who could have written such a readable book. Plokhy is clearly in love with his subject and that makes this a better book. Acknowledging that, however, makes me wonder what a discussion would be like between Plokhy and a Russian history scholar/devotee. I suspect there would be differences in perspective. The complexity of the story is such that I was left wondering about how far one should go in telling a national story such as this one. The values of a solid historical and cultural identity are alluring, but contentions around such histories, especially when tied to ongoing political struggles have often gotten violent and destructive. It is not always clear that the costs of pursuing such contested national identity are worth the results. On the positive side, however, it prompt a second look at the conflicted US national story - although the costs of our 19th century identity forging wars against each other are still with us. Plokhy has convinced me, however, that we have not experienced the "end of history" in the Ukraine by a long shot.

  • Andrew
    2019-03-24 16:04

    I didn't know how little I knew about Ukraine. Plokhy draws from his exhaustive knowledge of Ukrainian history to offer portrait of a region that has been divided as long as it has been on record. From the days of Rome and Scythia to Putin's annexing of Crimea, the author shows us the multiple forces that are constantly, in different configurations, re-arranging the Ukrainian map. A few things really struck me. First, that the lands of Ukraine have a long history of being exploited for slave labor, first by the Nogay and the Crimeans for the Ottoman markets, and then by the Germans and the Russians for labor during the second world war. Second, that political cultures can be so determined by political fissure. The last several hundred years of Ukrainian history have been marked by several partitions and re-territorializations that have exposed various portions of the country to different political systems, such as Galicia to Poland and Austria, and Left Bank Ukraine (that is, east of the Dnieper) to the Russian Empire. This had important implications for nationalism, as it impacted political cultures, language, and religion. Different portions of Ukraine managed to influence one another even when the country was divided or when governments made efforts to crush influence from across the border. Plokhy shows how the Cossacks attempted to be shrewd political operators, moving back and forth between Poland and Muscovy as they attempted to broker the best political deal, a strategy that failed then and would continue to fail the Ukrainians in the future. Third, the continued lives of myths, such as the Cossack myth, for encouraging nationalist sentiments. Chronicles and Histories that became bases of different Ukrainian myths were both born out of politics and were continuously re-arranged for political purposes. Ironically, the myth of the Kievan Rus' as the source of Russian civilization obscures its genesis in a Viking aristocracy - the term " Rus' " itself of Scandinavian roots. My main criticisms of the book are that Plokhy's interests are primarily political and therefore I was often at a loss to how deep the idea of Ukraine, or Little Russia, or the Cossack Hetmanate penetrated the people beyond politicians, officers, religious leaders, and intellectuals. He mentions that peasants deeply supported their Cossack leaders, but I was less sure about the attitudes of the Ukrainian peasants in the 19th and early 20th centuries towards the various Ukrainian nationalist movements. These movements mostly failed and when membership only numbered in the hundreds or thousands, I am less sure how much they impacted the Ukrainian people. Since many of them built their dreams on Cossack myths (vs. potentially pan-Slavic ideologies) I wonder how strongly these ideas affected the peasants: did peasants dream of the Hetmanate or Ukraine. Furthermore, what sorts of borders did these groups imagine for Ukraine? Plokhy treats the contemporary borders as the final resolution of a history of partition. Finally, reading this history, I can't help but conclude that Crimea is as much Russian as it is Ukrainian, or Ottoman, or its own place. The same could be said for nearly every borderland of the country, including the eastern portions now claimed by Russian-allied splinter states. In fact, is there anything more Ukrainian than being divided, with a future of reunion on the horizon?

  • Nestor Rychtyckyj
    2019-04-24 09:52

    “The Gates of Europe” is a well-timed and excellent book that shows once again that history repeats itself and how it relates to the present. Ukraine is in the headlines as it fights to protect itself from yet another invasion from Russia. As Serhii Plokhy points out in this book – this invasion of Crimea and eastern Ukraine is just another in a long list of Russian attacks on the very existence of Ukraine that goes back hundreds of years. This book is more than just a history of Ukraine and its people – it’s also describes the language, culture and religion of people who have been under some type of foreign domination for most of its history. Plokhy paints a picture of Ukraine through the centuries with its beginnings as Kyiv-Rus in the 10th century and takes us on a journey through time through the Cossak Hetmanat in the 17th century to the formation of Ukraine as an independent nation. In many ways, the Ukrainian people had to endure a litany of horrors culminating in the Holodomor (famine) of 1932-1933 when millions of Ukrainians died of starvation directly caused by Stalin. The Ukrainian independence of 1918 and 1919 did not last long and the proclamation of independence in 1941 was crashed between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Russia. Nevertheless, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army fought into the mid 1950s against the Soviets and independence finally came when the Soviet Union collapsed. That independence is again being threatened by Putin who seeks to rebuild the Soviet Union again. This ongoing battle will go long way in seeing if Europe is going to be dragged into a future where armed invasions of neighboring countries becomes the norm.Ukrainian history is not simple, but the book does a great job in describing the differences in religion, culture, nationalities and language within one country. The constant re-alignment of borders requires a whole set of maps to show exactly how Ukraine came to be. I places it may be difficult to follow all of the nuances that impacted the past, but the book is well worth reading just to understand what is happening now in Eastern Ukraine and why it is so significant for Europe and the world.

  • Ross
    2019-03-24 11:11

    I read this book to try and gain a much deeper understanding of the current military and political situation with the Ukraine and the Russian Federation.The first half of the book deals with the history from prehistoric times up to the start of the 20th century. This was really more than I wanted to know about Ukraine, but the second half of the book was exactly what I wanted to know to understand why Vladimir Putin intends to retake the Ukraine as the first step in fulfilling his promise to restore the Soviet Union.This is also a sad book to read because it is clear that Western Europe and U.S. have no intentions of defending the Ukraine from the Russian takeover. What a great pity for the Ukrainian people who have striven for so long to have an independent country, only to be swallowed up once again by Russian imperialism.

  • Brian
    2019-04-21 10:10

    The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine (Basic Books, 2015) by Serhii Plokhy.A good history of Ukraine and its changing land(s) from Kievan Rus' through the Mongol invasion through the changing power of Galicia–Volhynia, Poland, Lithuania, the Cossack Hetmanate, the Ukrainian SSR, and into modern Ukraine. Good reading from anyone wanting a comprehensive and up-to-date history of Ukraine.

  • Yuliya Yurchuk
    2019-04-06 13:45

    Чудова історія України. Навіть якщо ви нічого не знаєте про Україну, ви будете знати дуже-дуже багато, якщо прочитаєте лише цю історію. Можливо, вам навіть стане зрозуміло, чому ми саме там, де ми є.

  • Monty
    2019-04-05 10:59

    Dr. Plokhy has succeeded well with a very daunting task. The history of Ukraine is one of the most complicated and tumultuous in world history due to its extensive record and problematic location. The story begins in ancient times with the influences of the Greeks, Scythians, Khazars, et al. It continues up through the era of the Varangians (Eastern Norsemen) and Slavic migrations; though the era of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Cossack Hetman era and into the hellish barbarity under Stalin and the Communists. Many people in the U.S. are still unaware of the man-made terror famine created by Joseph Stalin which led to the deaths of millions in the 1930's. That atrocity is described here in the context of forced collectivization and brutalization of unwilling farmers. Ukraine became the "no-man's land" of Eastern Europe during WW2 and much of it was left as scorched earth by 1945. At least 7 million of its citizens were dead and one-third homeless. Up to 40 per cent of its wealth and 80 per cent of its technology and equipment was gone. The country survived, but was severely crippled. Events are closely and effectively linked with major players on all sides. The treatment is very even-handed, detailed and comprehensive. Several past histories have displayed strong national biases (Galician, Polish, Vohlynian, Russian, etc.) within their texts. Mr. Plokhy has avoided these obstacles to provide a rich and reasonable chronicle of this fascinating but troubled country, roughly the size of France in area. The title is also very appropriate to the subject. Dr. Plokhy is also the author of another notable title, " Last Empire: Final Days of the Soviet Union."

  • Frank Kelly
    2019-04-09 14:05

    Excellent history of Ukraine which helps explain many of the challenges the country faces today. Highly recommend it

  • Inna
    2019-04-12 15:08

    An overview of Ukrainian history. Not more, not less.

  • Mariana
    2019-04-01 16:09

    Якщо колись ви задавались питаннями...... чому Росія і Білорусь зберегли свою "Русь", а Україна стала Україною?...коли Московська держава вперше прийшла на землі України?...як народилась назва "Мала Русь" і що вона значила спершу?...що штовхнуло Росію на продаж Аляски?...як будувались стосунки українців і євреїв?...чому театральне мистецтво особливо розквітло в кінці 19 ст на українських землях?...яку роль зіграла Польща в становленні України?...і багато-багато інших питаньа також якщо ви хочете згадати курс історії України - то ця книжка для вас. Особливо добре описаний козацький і польський період. Автору вдалось не заходити в дискурс "жертви" чи не потонути в протиставленні "колонії-імперії" - у цьому плані баланс дотримано. Щоправда, деякі періоди описані досить оглядово і тому можливо зрозумілі тільки людям, які були в середині тих подій чи знають більше з уроків. Також "-" за багато одруківок в українському перекладі, чергування з/с, яке майже відсутнє, і помилка наприклад в кількості міст/сіл у Острозького (книжка - 1000/13000; вікіпедія - 100/1300) - здається, що це особливо згубно для історичної книжки, тому що в ній читач не повинен сумніватись в викладених фактах чи висновках.Для українців як приклад зваженого і спокійного але й українсько-солідарного викладу історії - чудово. Для тих хто хоче дізнатись про Україну більше - можливо буде заскладно.

  • Philip Larmett
    2019-03-30 09:47

    I'm reading this book backwards, as I have lived through the most recent history of Ukraine myself and, as Serhii rightly demonstrates in his Epilogue, the post-Maidan history of Ukraine still remains to be written.I'm not sure if it's a novel approach to history, but it works.I've been going through the narrative in chapters, working backwards.- The Price of Freedom (2014), the Maidan and its causes- Goodbye Lenin (1982), from the death of Brezhnev, Chernobyl and Gorbachev, through to independence, Kuchma and Yushchenko- The Birth of a Nation (1914), starting in Sarajevo- The Unfinished Revolution (1905), starting in St Petersburg- On the Move (1870), John Hughes and the industrialisation of SE Ukraine- The Porous Border (1848), Galicia and Dnipro Ukraine in the 19th century- Catherine the Great, The annexation of the Crimean Khanate in 1783, and the partitions of Poland- Emperor Petr the Great, the battle of Poltava (1709) and Ivan Mazepa- The treaty of Pereiaslv (1654) and Bohdan Khmelnytsky- The Diet of Brest (1596) and the origin of the Greek Catholic Church. I also now know who Mohyla was.- Chapter 8, The Cossacks, featuring Petro Sahaidachny- From 1385, the union of Kreva to the Union of Lublin, 1569, and the rise of the Ostrozky and Vishnevetsky families; Ukraine appeared for the first name on a map.- Pax Mongolica, from 1240, when the Mongols conquered and destroyed Kyiv, and the simultaneous rise of Danylo in Halych, Galicia. Galicia was incorporated into Poland in 1430s. Volhynia became part of Lithuania- Then back to the Kyivan Rus' princes, Olga, Sviatoslav, Volodymyr and Jaroslav, the Scandinavians who came to rule over the Slavs.- Then all the way back to Herodotos, the Scyths, the Sarmats and the Pecheneg horsemen... they're the ones who killed Sviatoslav at the Dnieper rapids in 972... Wonder what happened to those other tribes? Were they just absorbed by the dominant Slavs, in much the same way that the Celts ended up being absorbed by the Anglo-Saxons? And is that why the Cossacks became such good horsemen? It's all in the genes...

  • Maksym Valevatiy
    2019-04-12 12:03

    Класно. Ні в Аркаса ні у Субтельного не прочитаєш, який вплив мала аварія на ЧАЕС та три Майдани для незалежності України.Цікаво й легко написано - про всю історію коротко. Десь повільніше й докладніше, десь кількома рядками, але про все важливе, що справляє вплив на сучасний стан речей. Ну, наскільки я можу судити.Трохи неточностей - дрібничка від видавництва.

  • Blakely
    2019-04-03 12:09

    I hadn't really intended to read a book on the history of Ukraine, I jut happened to walk by it at the library and thought it looked interesting. Eastern Europe has a lot of interesting history and with Ukraine in the news so often now I thought this would be a good read.And yes, Ukraine has a lot of interesting history. The problem with the book is that the author tries to cover all of it. In 350 pages. It starts with Ancient Greece and basically sprints through the recent Ukrainian revolution, slowing just a bit for a history of post-WWI Ukraine. There is not time to become engaged with all of the interesting history. Even the discussion of the intentially-induced Stalin-era famines that killed millions of Ukrainians somehow doesn't come across as engaging or interesting, a feat I would not have thought possible.So I guess I would suggest reading something else instead - either something longer or something covering a shorter period of time in more detail.

  • Riet
    2019-04-12 15:47

    Een uitgebreide geschiedenis van de Oekraine. Begint bij de Griekse kolonies rond de Zwarte Zee en dan zo verder tot nu (inclusief de MH 17).Het is een gecompliceerd land met veel verschillende bevolkingsgroepen, die steeds in wisselende formatie deel uitmaakten van het land Oekraine. De Oekraine op zich heeft niet altijd bestaan en verdween zo af en toe weer door de politieke ontwikkelingen. Ik vind het boek vooral goed, omdat het duidelijk laat zien waaruit de ontwikkelingen van de laatste jaren zijn ontstaan.

  • Doichin Cholakov
    2019-03-26 07:45

    We are currently witnessing not only a battle for the future of Ukraine, but also for its past. In this context any history could only be political. So honesty and scientific rigor are the only qualities that can save such a project from drowning in hybrid poisons. The Gates of Europe tick the boxes of academic and personal integrity, not shying away from taking stand on current events (although they constitute a small part of the book). Modern and well written it is also a pleasure to read.

  • Alice
    2019-04-12 14:58

    This is a really fast paced history of Ukraine. If I had a better back ground in Ukrainian history, I'm sure it would have been easier for me to follow. Nevertheless, it is very interesting and shows great depth of research. I plan to use the recommended reading list at the end of the book to further my knowledge of Ukrainian history. Then I will attempt to comprehend this book in its entirety.

  • Janina
    2019-03-25 11:10

    Despite the undoubted interest of this book and the knowledge it brings, I found it unbalanced and messy. Some periods are repetitive, others are almost skipped, so it often makes boring reading. However, I admit that to covering the history of a country, especially Ukraine, on a period starting on 45,000 BC until nowadays was a huge challenge.

  • Mark Ramirez
    2019-04-12 09:50

    A great book for a history of Ukraine from Antiquity to 2017. I found it to provide many details about a country that goes often overlooked but has a rich and complex history that everyone ought to know as it is crucial to the present-day shaping of the European continent, particularly Eastern Europe.

  • Andrew
    2019-04-06 11:01

    Why I abandoned this one sentence: Because even though I got have way through, and even though there were some good theses about boundaries in it, there was too much one-thing-after-another history.I probably would have given it: Two or three stars.

  • Casus•Belli
    2019-04-04 08:10

    If you want a sort of linear, broad history of a steppe region located north of the Black Sea and Carpathians; then you will not go wrong here. Mainly this book has focused on the various factions that have ruled and conquered in this area intertwined with a Slavic people's who had formed a cultural identity, language, and religion of their own separate from many of the surrounding kingdoms. If you want to know more about the above elements and how they are unique, you should look elsewhere. Whether intentionally or involuntarily, the author speaks little of what defines Ukranians as a whole. Art, culture, culinary, fashion, almost entirely left out. The author literally spends two paragraphs discussing the weapons, beliefs, and modes of dress of the original inhabitants. He spends time talking about the Cossacks as well but not in a manner that will give you a sense of their uniqueness. I found this to be highly disappointing.Overall, this book is very easy to read and follow along with. It's not an academic work although the author is a proffesor of Ukrainian history at Harvard. It was written for easy understanding and clarity. The work is very balanced showing no signs of partisanship nor bias until the final epilogue. I was not disappointed at all how the author presented the Organization of Ukranian Nationalists and Ukrainian Insurgent Army under Stepan Bandera as many try to sully and shame them at every chance; but the author here was true to what they were and their cause.

  • Susan
    2019-04-24 14:10

    This is a fascinating book. First of all, it covers the history of this part of the world from the earliest known (necessarily very sketchy) through 2014. It is a cultural history and I found Plokhy's approach revelatory. This is absolutely key history for understanding Russia, the Soviet Union, and the world, and in the U.S. it is not well known. It was of enormous interest to me to learn about how this part of the world historically is not Europe per se but in fact sits on the border between East and West. My family are from this part of the world and it was eye-opening. It covers the early twentieth century through World War II in great detail, including much Jewish history in the region. There was excellent information on the Cossacks also. The chapters on the Holocaust were hard reading but full of information. In fact, there was specific information about both small towns my family came from. Anyone interested in genealogy whose family came from this part of the world would find this illuminating and possibly helpful. Last, for people living in the U.S. today, the history of Putin's interference in Ukraine and its electoral process was profoundly alarming, important, and now certainly familiar. I think this is an enormously important book. It would be great if it were widely read in the U.S.

  • Nastya_Poltava
    2019-04-03 11:05

    Книга мені однозначно сподобалася!) Написана легкою, приємною мовою, аж схоже на художню розповідь, дуже динамічний виклад і її дійсно цікаво читати. Події подаються не окремо, відірвано, а у постійному зв*язку із минулим, так і з сучасністю (чого я ще не зустрічала). А ще розповідь ведеться логічно із початку до сучасності - немає цієї визначеності наперед, коли спочатку відомо, чим все закінчиться (по кордону поділу земель ВКЛ у Речі Посполитій, між територіями, підпорядкованими Польщі, і територіями, пдпорядкованими Литві потім утвориться кордон між Україною і Білоруссю, а не лінія поділу пройшла по кордону між цими країнами (який мабуть там і був, уже демаркований і зі смугастими стовпчиками - принаймні так випливало з того, що я раніше у підручниках - шкільних і університетських - бачила). І ще - книга, особисто мені, дозволила дещо по-іншому поглянути на історію України - цілісно, одразу у всій її тяглості, не поділений на шматочки за роками навчання. Надзвичайн сучасна і цікава праця.

  • Amy
    2019-04-08 10:53

    An excellent, concise, decisive telling of the complex and often murky history of Ukraine. The author did a masterful job of bringing together seemingly disparate, often hidden or disputed, parts of the story of the area of the world we now know as Ukraine. Having read this, I feel I have a much better grip on the complexity of the current situation in Ukraine. 4 stars instead of 5 because I felt it would've helped me to grasp all the ground the author was quickly covering if it had more of a narrative thread. I feel there was much to the nuances of the book I had a hard time absorbing because of my general lack of knowledge of Eastern European history and geography. A few more maps and some narrative guidance would have helped me gain even more from this history.

  • Павло Коробчук
    2019-04-05 14:55

    виклад послідовний, хронологічний, але видається трошки вибірковим.деякі погляди на історію вже пішли значно вперед, ніж ті, які є в цій книжці.текст сприймається легко, але як якась легенда, а не як історична книжка.чому акцентується щось одне, але не згадується нічого іншого в цей період?чому все викладається як однозначне, але насправді є багато інших думок з того чи іншого питання у істориків.чому "Брама Європи"? Назва смішна і пафосна, адже брам Європи багато - чим Болгарія не брама Європи? А Іспанія? А Греція не брама Європи?є забагато оціночних суджень, епітетів, які би не мали зустрічатися в працях професорів, це і послаблює книжку, додає легендності, але позбавляє точності.Навіть не знаю чи радити.